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Daniel Dunklin is Born

Today in Masonic History Daniel Dunklin is born in 1790.

Daniel Dunklin was an American politican.

Dunklin was born on January 14th, 1790 in Greenville, South Carolina. In 1805, Dunklin's father purchased land with intention of moving the family to Caldwell County, Kentucky. His father passed away before the family moved. The year after his father's passing, Dunklin, his brother and mother moved to the new land. The teenage Dunklin tried his had at farming and was not very successful. It was during this time that he read whatever he books he could about the law with the hopes that one day he would become a lawyer.

In 1810, Dunklin moved again with his mother to the Louisianna Teritory, it would be become the Missouri Territory two years later, settling in Potosi. During the War of 1812, Dunklin served witht he Missouri Miliita. In 1815 he traveled back to Kentucky to marry his childhood sweetheart after becoming a frontier lawyer in Potosi and other places in the region.

It was also in 1815, that Dunklin had his first public offiice. He was appointed as Sheriff of Washington County. He held that position until 1821. It was during this period that Dunklin was a delegate to the Missouri Constitutional convention in preperation of Missouri becoming a state. Later he was elected to the Missouri House of Representative, and in 1828 as Lieutenant Governor.

In 1832, Dunklin was elected the fifth Governor of Missouri. He was a Jackson Democrat and an "Old Guard" Jeffersonian. He favored states rights in most of the items that he pushed foward during his term. He also was a large proponent of public education and laid the ground work for the Univerisity of Missouri to be created.

Dunklin's most controversial event involved the Mormons. During his term Joseph Smith had moved his followers to Missouri and had proclaimed that the City of Zion would be created in the state. This caused great conflict in the county where the Mormons had settled and the Mormons were eventually driven out of the county into another part of Missouri. Smith reached out Dunklin and asked him to provide protections for the Mormons. Dunklin replied in 1833 letter:

"make a trial of the efficacy of the laws; the judge of your circuit is a conservator of the peace. If an affidavit is made before him by any of you, that your lives are threatened and you believe them in danger, it would be his duty to have the offenders apprehended and bind them to keep peace."

The Mormon issue out lived Dunklin's administraation by three months when his successor issued what is known as "The Extermination Order" which declared the Mormons living in the state as enemies of Missouri and that they needed to be either driven out or exterminated.

Dunklin left the Governor's office in 1836 when he was appointed as Surveyor General for Missouri and Illinois. He held the position for four years and surveyed nearly all of the counties south of the Missouri River. He also worked to on a commission to settle the Missouri-Arkansas border.

In 1840, Dunklin sold off much of his land in Potosi and moved to Herculaneum, Missouri. There he was caught in a massive rain storm while working in the field. This caused him to get pneumonia and he passed away on August 25th, 1844.

Dunklin was a member of Tyro Lodge No. 12 in Caledonia, Missouri. The lodge where he recived his degree is not clear. It is believed that he joined a lodge in Potosi, Missouri in a lodge that was chartered under the Grand Lodge of Kentucky.